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understand / entender
understand   [ˌʌndəˈstænd]
understood   past tense   past participle
A. -transitive verb
1. (=comprehend)   (generally)   entender   (more formal, especially complex issues)   comprender
·I [can't] understand it!
·¡no lo entiendo!
·I can't understand your writing
·no entiendo tu letra
·that'noun what I [can't] understand
·eso es lo que no logro entender or comprender
·that is easily understood
·eso se entiende feminineácilmente
·I don't want to hear another word about it, (is that) understood?
·no quiero que se hable masculineánoun del tema, ¿entendido or comprendido?
·the process is still not fully understood
·el proceso todavía no se comprende or entiende del todo
·doctors are still trying to understand the disease
·los masculineédicos siguen intentando comprender la enfermedad
·it must be understood that ...
·debe entenderse que ...
·you must understand that we're very busy
·debes entender or comprender que estamos muy ocupados
a. to understand [how]/[why] =   entender or comprender cómo/por qué
2. (=follow, interpret)   entender
·did I understand you correctly?
·¿te entendí bien?
a. to [make] o.noun. understood =   hacerse entender
·he was trying to make himself understood
·estaba intentando hacerse entender
·do I make myself understood?
·¿queda claro?
3. (=empathize with)
[+person, point of view, attitude]   comprender,   entender
·his wife doesn't understand him
·su mujer no le comprende or entiende
·she understands children
·comprende or entiende a los niños
·we understand one another
·nos comprendemos or entendemos
·I (fully) understand your position
·comprendo or entiendo (totalmente) su posiciónoun
·I quite understand that you don't want to come
·me hago cargo de que no quieres venir
4. (=know)
[+language]   entender
·he can't understand a word of Spanish
·no entiende ni una palabra de español
5. (=believe)   tener entendido
·I understand you have been absent
·tengo entendido que usted ha estado ausente
a. [as] I understand it, he'noun trying to set up a meeting =   segúnoun tengo entendido or segúnoun creo está intentando convocar una reuniónoun
·it'noun understood that he had a heart attack
·se piensa or cree que sufrió un infarto
·am I to understand that ...?
·¿debo entender que ...?
·we confirm our reservation and we understand (that) the rental will be 500 euros
·confirmamos nuestra reserva y entendemos que el alquiler será de 500 euros
b. to [give] somebody to understand that =   dar a somebody, someone a entender que
·we were given to understand that ...
·se nos dio a entender que ...
c. [it] was understood that he would pay for it =   se dio por sentado que él lo pagaría
d. he [let] it be understood that ... =   dio a entender que ...
B. -intransitive verb
1. (=comprehend)   entender   (more emphatic)   comprender
·do you understand?
·¿entiendes or comprendes?
·now I understand!
·¡ahora entiendo!,   ¡ahora comprendo!
·there'noun to be no noise, (do you) understand?
·que no haya ruido, ¿entiendes or comprendes?
2. (=believe)
·she was, I understand, a Catholic
·segúnoun tengo entendido era católica
3. (=accept somebody'noun position)   entender   (especially in more complex situation)   comprender
·he'll understand
·lo entenderá or comprenderá
·don't worry, I quite understand
·no te preocupes, lo entiendo or comprendo perfectamente
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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