¿Sabías que...?: Es una verdura de color verde que suena como el adjetivo femenino del judaísmo.
train / tren
 
train   [treɪn]
A. -noun
1. (railways)   tren (m)
·diesel/electric train
tren (m) diesel/eléctrico
·express/fast/slow train
tren (m) expreso/rápido/ordinario
·high-speed train
tren (m) de alta velocidad
·steam train
tren (m) de vapor
·connecting train
tren (m) de enlace
·through train
(tren (m)) directo (m)
a. to [catch] a train (to) =   coger or Latin America tomar un tren (a)
·I've got a train to catch
tengo que coger or Latin America tomar un tren
b. to [change] trains =   cambiar de tren,   hacer tra(noun)sbordo
c. to [go] by train =   ir en tren
d. to [send] something by train =   mandar algo por ferrocarril
e. to [take] the train =   coger or Latin America tomar el tren
f. to [travel] by train =   viajar en tren
2. (=line)
a. [of people, vehicles]   fila (f)
b. [of mules, camels]   recua (f),   reata (f)
·a train of reporters followed her everywhere
·una cohorte de reporteros la seguía a todos sitios
3. (=sequence)   serie (f)
·a train of disasters/events
·una serie de catástrofes/acontecimientos
a. the earthquake brought great suffering [in] its train =   el terremoto trajo consigo gran sufrimiento
·the next stage of the operation was well in train
·la siguiente fase de la operaciónoun ya estaba en marcha
b. to [put] something in train
c. [set] something in train =   poner algo en marcha
d. train of [thought]
·to lose one'noun train of thought
·perder el hilo
·you're interrupting my train of thought
·me cortas el hilo de mis pensamientos
·they were both silent, each following her own train of thought
·estaban las dos calladas, cada una pensando en lo suyo
4. (=entourage)   nounéquito (m),   comitiva (f)
5. [of dress]   cola (f)
·to carry somebody'noun train
·llevar la cola del vestido de somebody, someone
6. (mechanics)
a. [of gears]   tren (m)
B. -transitive verb
1. (=instruct)
[+staff]   formar
[+worker]   (in new technique)   capacitar
[+soldier, pilot]   adiestrar
[+athlete, team]   entrenar
[+animal]   (for task)   adiestrar   (to do tricks)   amaestrar
[+racehorse]   entrenar,   preparar
·our staff are trained to the highest standards
·el nivel de formaciónoun de nuestros empleados es del masculineánoun alto nivel
·you've got him well trained!
humorous   ¡le tienes bien enseñado! humorous
·he was trained in Salamanca
(for qualification)   estudió en Salamanca   (for job)   recibió su formaciónoun profesional en Salamanca
·to train somebody to do something: his troops are trained to kill
·a sus tropas se les enseña a matar
·professional counsellors are trained to be objective
·los consejeros profesionales estánoun capacitados or adiestrados para ser objetivos
·he had trained himself to write left-handed
·aprendió por su cuenta a escribir con la izquierda
·train yourself to think positively
·habitúate a pensar de manera positiva
·the dogs were trained to attack intruders
·se adiestraba a los perros para que atacaran a los intrusos
a. to train somebody [for] something
·the programme trains young people for jobs in computing
·el programa forma a la gente joven para realizar trabajos en informática
·nobody trains you for the job of being a parent
·nadie te enseña a ser padre
b. to train somebody [in] something
·officers trained in the use of firearms
·oficiales entrenados or adiestrados en el uso de armas de fuego
·they are training women in non-traditional female jobs
·estánoun formando a mujeres en trabajos que tradicionalmente no realizan las mujeres
2. (=develop)
[+voice, mind]   educar
3. (=direct)
[+gun]   apuntar   (on   a)
[+camera, telescope]   enfocar   (on   a)
·his gun was trained on Jo
·apuntaba a Jo con la pistola
·the camera was trained on me
·la cámara me estaba enfocando
4. (=guide)
[+plant]   guiar   (up, along   por)
C. -intransitive verb
1. (=learn a skill)   estudiar
·where did you train?
(for qualification)   ¿dónde estudió?   (for job)   ¿dónde se formó?
·he trained to be a lawyer
·estudió derecho
·she was training to be a teacher
·estudiaba para (ser) maestra,   estudiaba magisterio
a. she trained [as] a hairdresser =   estudió peluquería,   aprendió el oficio de peluquera
b. he'noun training [for] the priesthood =   estudia para meterse en el sacerdocio
2. (Sport)   entrenar,   entrenarse
·I train for six hours a day
·(me) entreno seis horas diarias
·to train [for] something
·entrenar(se) para algo
D. -compound
·train crash   -noun   accidente (m) ferroviario
·train driver   -noun   maquinista masculine and feminine
·train fare   -noun
·I gave him the money for the train fare
·le di dinero para el billete de tren
·train journey   -noun   viaje (m) en tren
·train service   -noun   servicio (m) de trenes
·train set   -noun   tren (m) de juguete con vías, estaciones, etcetera
·train station   -noun   estaciónoun (f) de ferrocarril,   estaciónoun (f) de tren
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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