¿Sabías que...?: Se dice que es saludable echarse una siestecita después del almuerzo a diario.
tener / to have
 
tener  
Para las expresiones como tener cuidado, tener ganas, tener suerte, tener de particular, tener en cuenta, ver la otra entrada.
A. -verbo transitivo   El uso de [got] con el verbo [have] es masculineánoun frecuente en inglénoun británico, pero nounólo se usa en el presente.
1. (=poseer, disponer de)   to have,   have got
·¿tienes dinero?
·do you have o have you got any money?
·¿tienes un bolígrafo?
·do you have o have you got a pen?
·¿tiene usted permiso para esto?
·do you have o have you got permission for this?
·tiene un tío en Venezuela
·he has an uncle in Venezuela,   he'noun got an uncle in Venezuela
·ahora no tengo tiempo
·I don't have o I haven't got time now
2. (referido a aspecto, carácter)   to have,   have got
·tiene el pelo rubio
·he has blond hair,   he'noun got blond hair
·tenía una sonrisa preciosa
·she had a lovely smile
·tiene la nariz aguileña
·she has an aquiline nose,   she'noun got an aquiline nose
·tenía el pelo mojado
·his hair was wet
3. (referido a edad)   to be
·tiene siete años
·he'noun seven (years old)
·¿cuántos años tienes?
·how old are you?
·al menos debe de tener 55 años
·she must be at least 55
4. (referido a ocupaciones)   to have,   have got
·tenemos clase de inglénoun a las 11
·we have an English class at 11,   we've got an English class at 11
·el lunes tenemos una reuniónoun
·we're having a meeting on Monday,   we've got a meeting on Monday
·mañana tengo una fiesta
·I'masculine going to a party tomorrow
5. (=parir)   to have
·va a tener un niño
·she'noun going to have a baby
6. (=medir)   to be
·tener 5cm de ancho
·to be 5cm wide
7. (=sentir)   + SUSTANTIVO   to be + adjective
·tener hambre/sed/calor/frío
·to be hungry/thirsty/hot/cold
·no tengas tantos celos
·don't be so jealous
·hemos tenido mucho miedo
·we have been very frightened
·le tengo mucho cariño
·I'masculine very fond of him
·he tenido un presentimiento
·I've had a premonition
8. (=padecer, sufrir)   to have
·han tenido un accidente
·they have had an accident
·hemos tenido muchas dificultades
·we have had a lot of difficulties
·Luis tiene la gripe
·Luis has o has got flu
·tengo fiebre
·I have o I've got a (high) temperature
·¿qué tienes?
·what'noun the matter with you?,   what'noun wrong with you?
9. (=sostener)   to hold
·tenía el pasaporte en la mano
·he had his passport in his hand,   he was holding his passport in his hand
·tenme el vaso un momento, por favor
·hold my glass for me for a moment, please
·¡ten!
·¡aquí tienes!
·here you are!
10. (=recibir)   to have
·aúnoun no he tenido carta
·I haven't had a letter yet
·¿has tenido noticias suyas?
·have you heard from her?
11. (=pensar, considerar)
a. tener [a bien] hacer algo =   to see fit to do something
b. tener a somebody, someone [en] algo
·te tendránoun en masculineánoun estima
·they will hold you in higher esteem
c. tener a somebody, someone [por]   + ADJ   to consider somebody (to be) + adjective
·le tengo por poco honrado
·I consider him (to be) rather dishonest
d. ten por [seguro] que ... =   rest assured that ...
12. ◊tener algo que + INFIN
·tengo trabajo que hacer
·I have o I've got work to do
·no tengo nada que hacer
·I have o I've got nothing to do
·eso no tiene nada que ver
·that has o that'noun got nothing to do with it
13. (locuciones)
·ya saben dónde me tienen
·you always know where you can find me
a. ¡[ahí] lo tienes! =   there you are!,   there you have it!
b. tener algo [de]   + ADJ
·de bueno no tiene nada
·there'noun nothing good about it
·no tiene nada de particular
·it'noun nothing special
·¿qué tiene de malo?
·what'noun wrong with that?
c. tenerlo [difícil] =   to find it difficult
d. tenerlo [feminineácil] =   to have it easy
e. ¿(conque) ésas tenemos?   so that'noun the game, is it?,   so it'noun like that, is it?
f. no tenerlas todas consigo
(=dudar)   to be dubious o unsure
(=desconfiar)   to be uneasy,   be wary
·no las tengo todas conmigo de que lo haga
·I'masculine none too sure that he'll do it,   I'masculine not entirely sure that he'll do it
g. tener todas las de ganar   to hold all the winning cards,   look like a winner
h. tener todas las de perder   to be fighting a losing battle,   look like losing
·quien tuvo retuvo
·some things stay with you to the grave
B. -verbo auxiliar
1. ◊tener que + INFIN
1.1. (indicando obligaciónoun)
·tengo que comprarlo
·I have to o I've got to buy it,   I must buy it
·tenemos que marcharnos
·we have to o we've got to go,   we must be going
·tienen que aumentarte el sueldo
·they have to o they've got to give you a rise
·tuvo que devolver todo el dinero
·he had to pay all the money back
·tiene que ser así
·it has to be this way
1.2. (indicando suposiciónoun, probabilidad)
·¡tienes que estar cansadísima!
·you must be really tired!
·tiene que dolerte mucho ¿no?
·it must hurt a lot, doesn't it?
·tiene que estar en tu despacho
·it must be in your office
·tiene que haberte dolido mucho
·it must have hurt a lot
1.3. (en reproches)
·¡tendrías que haberlo dicho antes!
·you should have said so before!
·¡tendría que darte vergüenza!
·you should be ashamed of yourself!
·¡tú tenías que ser!
·it would be you!,   it had to be you!
1.4. (en sugerencias, recomendaciones)
·tendrías que comer masculineánoun
·you should eat more
·tendríamos que pedirle perdónoun
·we should apologize to him
2. + PARTICIPIO
·tenía puesto el sombrero
·he had his hat on
·nos tenían preparada una sorpresa
·they had prepared a surprise for us
·tenía pensado llamarte
·I had been thinking of phoning you
·te lo tengo dicho muchas veces
·I've told you hundreds of times
·yo no le tengo visto
·I've never set eyes on him
3. + ADJ
·procura tener contentos a todos
·he tries to keep everybody happy
·me tiene perplejo la falta de noticias
·the lack of news is puzzling,   I am puzzled by the lack of news
4. (especially Mexicoéx)
(=llevar)
·tienen tres meses de no cobrar
·they haven't been paid for three months,   it'noun three months since they've been paid
·tengo cuatro años aquí
·I've been here for four years
C.
-verbo pronominal
1. (=sostenerse)
a. tenerse [firme]   (literally)   to stand upright   (figurative)   to stand firm
b. tenerse de o en [pie] =   to stand up
·la muñeca se tiene de pie
·the doll stands up
·no se puede tener de pie
·no se tiene de pie
·he can hardly stand
c. estoy que no me tengo de [sueño] =   I'masculine falling asleep on my feet,   I'masculine about ready to drop
2. (=considerarse)
a. tenerse [en] mucho =   to have a high opinion of o.noun.
b. tenerse [por]
·se tiene por muy listo
·he thinks himself very clever,   he thinks he'noun very clever
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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