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short / corto
 
short   [ʃɔ:t]
A. -adjective
shorter   comparative
shortest   superlative
1. (in length, distance, duration)   [message, journey, hair, skirt]   corto   [person]   bajo,   chaparro Central America, Mexico   [vowel, syllable]   breve   [memory]   malo,   flaco
·the shortest route
·la ruta masculineánoun corta
·February is a short month
·febrero es un mes corto
·it was a great holiday, but too short
·fueron unas vacaciones estupendas, pero demasiado cortas
·she'noun quite short
·es bastante baja
a. the short [answer] is that ... =   en pocas palabras la razónoun es que ...
b. to have a short [back and sides] =   llevar el pelo corto por detránoun y por los lados
c. a short [break] =   un pequeño descanso
d. the days are [getting] shorter =   los días se vuelven masculineánoun cortos
·time is getting shorter
·nos queda poco tiempo
e. to win by a short [head]   (Racing)   ganar por una cabeza escasa
f. to be short in the [leg]
[person]   tener las piernas cortas
·these trousers are a bit short in the leg
·estos pantalones tienen la pierna algo pequeña
g. at short [notice] =   con poco tiempo de antelaciónoun
h. in short [order] =   en breve,   en seguida
i. to take short [steps] =   dar pequeños pasos
j. in the short [term] =   a corto plazo
k. a short [time] ago =   hace poco
·to work short time
·be on short time
(industry)   trabajar una jornada reducida
l. to take a short [walk] =   dar un paseo corto
m. a short [way] off =   a poca distancia,   no muy lejos
n. a few short [words] =   algunas palabritas
o. that was short and [sweet]   eso fue corto y bueno
p. to make short [work] of something   despachar algo
2. (=insufficient)   escaso
·I'masculine £3 short
·me faltan 3 libras
·it'noun two kilos short
·faltan dos kilos
·bananas are very short
·escasean los pluralátanos,   casi no hay pluralátanos
·I'masculine a bit short at the moment
*   en este momento ando un poco corto or escaso de dinero
·to be short of something
·andar falto or escaso de algo
·we're short of petrol
·andamos escasos de gasolina
·we're not short of volunteers
·se han ofrecido muchos voluntarios,   no andamos escasos de voluntarios
a. to be short of [breath] =   estar sin aliento
b. to give somebody short [change] =   no darle el cambio completo a somebody, someone
c. to give short [measure] to somebody =   dar de menos a somebody, someone
d. gold is in short [supply] =   escasea el oro,   hay escasez de oro
e. short [ton]
(United States)   (= 2,000lb)   tonelada (f) corta
f. to give short [weight] to somebody =   dar de menos a somebody, someone
3. short [of]
(=less than)
·short of blowing it up
·a menos que lo volemos,   a no ser que lo volemos
·short of murder I'll do anything
·lo haré todo menos matar
·not [far] short of £100
·poco menos de 100 libras
·it'noun [little] short of madness
·dista poco de la locura
·[nothing] short of total surrender
·nada menos que la rendiciónoun incondicional
·it'noun nothing short of robbery
·es nada menos que un robo
·nothing short of a bomb would stop him
·fuera de una bomba nada le impediría
·nothing short of a miracle can save him
·nounólo un milagro le puede salvar,   se necesitaría un milagro para salvarle
4. (=concise)   corto,   breve
·short and to the point
·corto y bueno
a. "Pat" is short [for] "Patricia" =   "Patricia" se abrevia en "Pat"
·Rosemary is called "Rose" for short
·a Rosemary le dicen "Rose" para abreviar
·"television" is short for "television"
·"television" es abreviatura de "televisiónoun"
b. [in] short =   en pocas palabras,   en resumen
·in short, the answer is no
·en una palabra, la respuesta es no
long    
5. (=curt)   [reply, manner]   brusco,   seco
a. to have a short [temper] =   ser de mal genio,   tener mal genio or mal carácter or corto de genio
b. to be short [with] somebody =   tratar a somebody, someone con sequedad
6. [pastry]   quebradizo
B. -adverb
1. (=suddenly, abruptly)   en seco
·to stop short
·pull up short
·pararse en seco
2. (insufficiency)
a. to [come] short of =   no alcanzar
b. to [cut] something short =   suspender algo
·they had to cut short their holiday
·tuvieron que interrumpir sus vacaciones
c. to [fall] short of =   no alcanzar
·to fall short of the target
·no alcanzar el blanco,   no llegar al blanco
·to fall short of expectations
·no cumplir las esperanzas
·it falls far short of what we require
·dista mucho de satisfacer nuestras exigencias
·production has fallen short by 100 tons
·la producciónoun arroja un déficit de 100 toneladas
d. to [go] short of =   pasarse sin
·no one goes short in this house
·en esta casa nadie padece hambre
·we never [went] short (of anything) as children
·no nos faltó nada de niños
e. we're [running] short of bread =   tenemos poco pan,   se nos acaba el pan Latin America
·we ran short of petrol
·se nos acabó la gasolina,   quedamos sin gasolina
f. to [sell] short =   vender al descubierto
·to sell somebody short
(literally)   engañar a somebody, someone en un negocio   (figurative)   menospreciar a somebody, someone
g. to [stop] short of   (literally)   detenerse antes de llegar a
·I'd stop short of murder
(figurative)   menos matar, haría lo que fuera
h. to be [taken] short =   necesitar urgentemente ir al wáter
3. (=except)
·short of apologizing ...
·fuera de pedirle perdónoun ...
C. -noun
1. (electricity)
2. (British, Great Britain)   *
(=drink)   bebida (f) corta
3. (cinema)   cortometraje (m)
D. -transitive/intransitive verb   (electricity)   short-circuit  
E. -compound
·short [cut]   -noun   atajo (m)
·short [list]   -noun   lista (f) de candidatos preseleccionados
·short [sight]   -noun   miopía (f)
·to have short sight
·ser masculineíope,   ser corto de vista
·short [story]   -noun   cuento (m)
·short story writer
escritor (m) / escritoa (f)
·short [wave]   -noun   (radio)   onda (f) corta
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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