¿Sabías que...?: El significado de México tiene algo que ver con el ombligo del ser humano y la luna. ¿Qué es?
serve / servir a
 
serve   [sɜ:v]
A. -transitive verb
1. (=work for)
[+employer, God, country]   servir a
·he served his country well
·sirvió dignamente a la patria,   prestó valiosos servicios a la patria
2. (=be used for, be useful as)   servir
·that serves [to] explain ...
·eso sirve para explicar ...
a. it serves its/my [purpose] =   viene al caso
b. it serves you [right] =   te lo mereces,   te lo tienes merecido,   te está bien empleado
·it served him right for being so greedy
·se lo mereció por ser tan glotónoun,   le está bien empleado por glotónoun
·if my memory serves me right
·si la memoria no me falla
3. (in shop, restaurant)
[+customer]   servir,   atender
[+food, meal]   servir
·to serve somebody with hors d'oeuvres
·servir los entremeses a somebody, someone
·are you being served, madam?
·¿le estánoun atendiendo, señora?
·dinner is served
·la cena está servida
·they served cod as halibut
·hicieron pasar bacalao por halibut
·main courses are served with vegetables or salad
·el plato principal se sirve acompañado de verduras o ensalada
4. (=complete)   cumplir,   hacer
a. to serve an [apprenticeship] =   hacer el aprendizaje
b. to serve ten years in the [army] =   servir diez años en el ejército
c. to serve a prison [sentence]
d. serve [time] (in prison) =   cumplir una condena or una pena de cárcel
5. (law, legal)
[+writ, summons]   entregar
·to serve a summons on somebody
·entregar una citaciónoun a somebody, someone
6. (Travel)
·in towns served by this line
·en las ciudades por donde pasa esta línea
·these villages used to be served by buses
·antes en estos pueblos había servicio de autobuses
7. (culinary, cooking )
(=be enough for)
·this recipe serves six
·esta receta es (suficiente) para seis personas
8. (Tennis etcetera)
·to serve the ball
·servir (la bola),   sacar
·he served 17 double faults
·hizo 17 dobles faltas
B. -intransitive verb
1. [servant, soldier]   servir
·he is not willing to serve
·no está dispuesto a ofrecer sus servicios
·to serve on a committee/jury
·ser miembro de una comisiónoun/un jurado
·to serve on the council
·ser concejal
·to serve in parliament
·ser diputado
2. (at mealtime)   servir
·shall I serve?
·¿sirvo?
·to serve at table
·servir en la mesa
3. (in shop)   atender
4. (=be useful)
·to serve for or as
·servir de
·it will serve
·servirá para el caso
·it serves to show that ...
·sirve para demostrar que ...
5. (Tennis)   sacar
C. -noun   (Tennis etcetera)   servicio (m),   saque (m)
·whose serve is it?
·¿quiénoun saca?,   ¿de quiénoun es el servicio?
·he has a strong serve
·tiene un servicio or saque muy fuerte
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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