¿Sabías que...?: ¿Qué ingrediente en la paella Valenciana escandalizaría a los amantes de los animales?
scratch / arañazo
 
scratch   [ˈskrætʃ]
A. -noun
1. (=mark)   (on skin)   arañazo (m),   rasguño (m)   (on surface, record)   raya (f)
·it'noun just a scratch
·es nounólo un rasguño, nada masculineánoun
·the cat gave her a scratch
·el gato la arañó
·he hadn't a scratch on him
·no tenía ni un arañazo
·to have a good scratch
·rascarse con ganas
2. (=noise)   chirrido (m)
3. ·to start from scratch
(figurative)   partir de or empezar desde cero
·we shall have to start from scratch again
·tendremos que partir nuevamente de cero,   tendremos que comenzar desde el principio otra vez
·to be or come up to scratch
·cumplir con los requisitos
·to bring/keep something up to scratch
·poner/mantener algo en buenas condiciones
B. -transitive verb
1. (with claw, nail etcetera)   rasguñar,   arañar   (making sound)   rascar,   raspar
[+surface, record]   rayar
(=scramble, dig)   escarbar
·you'll scratch the worktop with that knife
·vas a rayar la encimera con ese cuchillo
·the glass of this watch cannot be scratched
·el cristal de este reloj no se raya
·he scratched his hand on a rose bush
·se arañó la mano en un rosal
·the lovers scratched their names on the tree
·los amantes grabaron sus nombres en el árbol
2. (to relieve itch)   rascarse
·he scratched his head
·se rascó la cabeza
·she scratched the dog'noun ear
·le rascó la oreja al perro
a. you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours   un favor con favor se paga
3. (=cancel)
[+meeting, game]   cancelar
(=cross off list)
[+horse, competitor]   tachar,   borrar
·to scratch somebody off a list
·tachar a somebody, someone de una lista
4. (computing)   borrar
C. -intransitive verb
[person, dog etcetera]   rascarse
[hens]   escarbar
[pen]   rascar
[clothing]   rascar,   picar
·stop scratching!
·¡deja de rascarte!
·the dog scratched at the door
·el perro arañó la puerta
D. -compound
[competitor]   sin ventaja
·scratch card   -noun   tarjeta (f) de "rasque y gane"
·scratch file   -noun   (computing)   fichero (m) de trabajo
·scratch meal   -noun   comida (f) improvisada
·scratch paper   -noun
(United States)   papel (m) de borrador
·scratch score   -noun   (Golf)   puntuaciónoun (f) par
·scratch tape   -noun   cinta (f) reutilizable
·scratch team   -noun   equipo (m) improvisado
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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