¿Sabías que...?: Ojalá proviene del árabe Insha'Allah, "si Dios quiere". ¿Qué otras palabras provienen del árabe?
scale / escama
scale   1   [skeɪl]
A. -noun
a. [of fish, reptile etcetera]   escama (f)
b. [of rust, chalk]   hojuela (f)
c. [of skin]   escama (f)   (inside kettle, boiler)   costra (f)   (on teeth)   sarro (m)
B. -transitive verb
[+fish]   quitar las escamas a,   escamar   (technical)   raspar
[+teeth]   quitar el sarro a
C. -intransitive verb   also to scale off
[skin]   descamarse
scale / balanza
scale   2   [skeɪl]   -noun
1. (=weighing device)   (often plural)   balanza (f)   (for heavy weights)   báscula (f)
·[bathroom] scale(noun)
báscula (f) (de baño)
·a [kitchen] scale
·a pair of [kitchen] scales
·una balanza de cocina
·he [tips] the scales at 70 kilos
·pesa 70 kilos
·to [turn] or [tip] the scales (in somebody'noun favour/against somebody)
·inclinar la balanza (a favor de somebody, someone/en contra de somebody, someone)
2. [of balance]   platillo (m)
scale / escala
scale   3   [skeɪl]
A. -noun
1. (=size, extent)   (generally)   escala (f)
a. [of problem, disaster]   magnitud (f),   escala (f)
b. he likes to do things on a [grand] scale =   le gusta hacer las cosas a gran escala or por todo lo alto or a lo grande
c. on a [large] scale =   a gran escala
d. they were engaged in fraud on a [massive] scale =   estaban realizando un fraude a gran escala or de gran envergadura
e. on a [national] scale =   a escala nacional
f. on a [small] scale =   a pequeña escala
g. borrowing on [this] scale will bankrupt the country =   el paínoun va a caer en la bancarrota si sigue aceptando préstamos de esta magnitud
2. (=graduated system)   (generally, for salaries)   escala (f)
a. scale of [charges] =   (lista (f) de) tarifas feminine plural
b. the [Richter] scale =   la escala de Richter
c. the [social] scale =   la escala or jerarquía social
3. (=ratio, proportion)
a. [of map, model]   escala (f)
b. [on] a scale of 1cm to 5km =   con una escala de 1cm a 5km
c. to be [out of] scale (with something) =   no guardar proporciónoun (con algo)
d. the drawing is not [to] scale =   el dibujo no está a escala
·to [draw] something [to] scale
·dibujar algo a escala
4. (music)   escala (f)
B. -transitive verb
[+wall]   trepar a,   escalar
[+tree]   trepar a
[+mountain]   escalar
C. -compound
·scale drawing   -noun   dibujo (m) a escala
·scale model   -noun   modelo (m) a escala
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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