¿Sabías que...?: Un prefijo es lo opuesto de un sufijo. ¿Qué otro significado tiene prefijo relaciondo con la telecomunicación y los números?
perder / to lose
 
perder  
A. -transitive verb
1. [+objeto, dinero, peso]   to lose
·he perdido el monedero
·I've lost my purse
·a los seis años perdió a su padre
·she lost her father when she was six
·he perdido cinco kilos
·I've lost five kilos
·había perdido mucha sangre
·she had lost a lot of blood
·ha perdido mucho dinero en la bolsa
·she has lost a lot of money on the stock market
·no tienes nada que perder
·you have nothing to lose
a. perder el [conocimiento] =   to lose consciousness
b. perder la [costumbre] =   to get out of the habit
c. perder algo [de vista] =   to lose sight of something
·nunca pierde [de vista] el fin que persigue
·he never loses sight of his goal
·no lo pierdas de vista
·don't let him out of your sight
·conviene no perder [de vista] que ...
·we mustn't forget that ...,   we mustn't lose sight of the fact that ...
2. [+tiempo]   to waste
·¡me estánoun haciendo perder el tiempo!
·you're wasting my time!
·sin perder un momento
·without wasting a moment
3. [+aire, aceite]   to leak
·el vehículo pierde aceite
·the car is leaking oil,   the car has an oil leak
·la pelota perdió aire
·the ball went flat
4. (=no coger)
[+tren, aviónoun]   to miss
[+oportunidad]   to miss,   lose
·no pierde detalle
·he doesn't miss a thing
5. (=destruir)   to ruin
·ese vicio le perderá
·that vice will ruin him,   that vice will be his ruin
·ese error le perdió
·that mistake was his undoing
·lo que le pierde es ...
·where he comes unstuck is ...
6. (law, legal)   to lose,   forfeit
B. -intransitive verb
1. (en competiciónoun, disputa)   to lose
·el equipo perdió por 5-2
·the team lost 5-2
a. tienen o llevan todas [las de] perder =   they look certain to lose
b. [saber] perder =   to be a good loser
c. [salir] perdiendo
·salí perdiendo en el negocio
·I lost out on the deal
·salí perdiendo en la discusiónoun
·I came off worst in the argument
2. (=empeorar)
·era un buen cantante, pero ha perdido mucho
·he was a good singer, but he'noun gone downhill
·era muy guapo, pero ha perdido bastante
·he isn't nearly as good-looking as he used to be
·ha perdido mucho en mi estimaciónoun
·he has gone down a lot in my estimation
3. [tela]   to fade
4. [echar] a perder
[+comida, sorpresa]   to ruin,   spoil
[+oportunidad]   to waste
b. [echarse] a perder
[comida]   to go off
[sorpresa]   to be ruined,   be spoiled
C.   -pronominal verb
1. [persona]   to get lost
·tenía miedo de perderme
·I was afraid of getting lost o losing my way
·se perdieron en el bosque
·they got lost in the wood
·se perdió en un mar de contradicciones
·he got lost in a mass of contradictions
·¡piérdete!
*   get lost! *
2. [objeto]
·se me han perdido las llaves
·I've lost my keys
·¿qué se les ha perdido en Alemania?
·what business have they in Germany?
3. [+programa, fiesta]   to miss
·perderse algo interesante
·to miss something interesting
·¡no te lo pierdas!
·don't miss it!
·no se pierde ni una
·she doesn't miss a thing
4. (=desaparecer)   to disappear
·el tren se perdió en la niebla
·the train disappeared into the fog
·el arroyo se pierde en la roca
·the stream disappears into the rock
5. (=desperdiciarse)   to be wasted,   go to waste
·se pierde mucho tiempo
·a lot of time is wasted
·se pierden muchos talentos naturales
·a lot of natural talent goes to waste
·nada se pierde con intentar
·there'noun no harm in trying
6. (=arruinarse)
[persona]   to lose one'noun way
[cosecha]   to be ruined,   get spoiled
·se perdió por el juego
·gambling was his ruin o undoing
·con la lluvia se ha perdido la cosecha
·the rain has ruined the crops
7. perderse [por] algo/somebody, someone =   to be mad about something/somebody
·perderse por hacer algo
·to be dying to do something,   long to do something
8. (Latin America)
(=prostituirse)   to go on the streets
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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