¿Sabías que...?: ¿Cuál es la diferencia entre si no escrito separado y sino escrito junto?
penalty / pena
 
penalty   [ˈpenəltɪ]
A. -noun
1. (law, legal)
(=punishment)   pena (f),   castigo (m)
(=fine)   multa (f)   (commerce)   recargo (m)   (figurative)
(=disadvantage)   desventaja (f)
·there is a penalty for paying the loan off early
·se cobra un recargo si se paga el préstamo antes de que venza
·penalty £50
·multa de 50 libras
·telling the truth can have its penalties
·decir la verdad puede tener sus desventajas
a. the penalty [for] this is death =   esto se castiga con la muerte
b. [on] or [under] penalty of dismissal =   so or bajo pena de ser despedido
c. to [pay] the penalty (for or of something/for doing something) =   pagar las consecuencias (de algo/de haber hecho algo)
·we were paying the penalty of success
·estábamos pagando las consecuencias del éxito
death  
2. (football)   penalti (m),   penalty (m)   (Golf)   penalizaciónoun (f)   (Bridge)   multa (f),   castigo (m)
·there is a 7-second penalty for each error
·se quitan 7 segundos por cada error
a. the final was decided [on] penalties =   la final se decidió con penaltis
b. to [take] a penalty =   lanzar penalti or penalty
B. -compound
·penalty area
·penalty box   -noun   (football)   área (f) de castigo or de penalti or de penalty   (Ice hockey)   banquillo (m)
·penalty clause   -noun   cláusula (f) penal
·penalty corner   -noun   (Hockey)   córner (m) de penalti or penalty
·penalty goal   -noun   gol (m) de penalti or penalty
·penalty kick   -noun   penalti (m),   penalty (m)
·penalty point   -noun   (on driving licence, in showjumping)   punto (m) de castigo
·penalty shoot-out   -noun   desempate (m) a penaltis
·penalty spot   -noun   punto (m) de penalti or penalty
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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