¿Sabías que...?: ¿De qué otra forma se puede decir regalo de Navidad en países Católicos?
keep / quedarse con
 
keep   [ki:p]
kept   verb: past tense, past participle
A. -transitive verb
When keep is part of a set combination, for example to keep an appointment. to keep a promise, to keep one'noun seat, look up the noun.
1. (=retain)
[+change, copy]   quedarse con
[+receipt]   guardar
[+business, customer, colour]   conservar
·you must keep the receipt
·debe guardar el recibo
·you can keep the change
quédese con la vuelta or Latin America el vuelto
·is this jacket worth keeping?
·¿merece la pena guardar esta chaqueta?
·he is to keep his job in spite of the incident
·va a mantener or conservar el trabajo a pesar del incidente
·this material will keep its colour/softness
·este material conservará su color/suavidad
a. to keep something [for] o.noun. =   quedarse con algo
b. if this is fashion, you can keep [it]!   **   ¡si esto es moda no la quiero ni regalada!
2. (=save, put aside)   guardar,   reservar
·I'masculine keeping this wine in case we have visitors
·voy a guardar or reservar este vino por si tenemos visitas
·ask the shop to keep you one
·pide en la tienda que te reserven uno
a. I was keeping it [for] you =   lo guardaba para ti
3. (=have ready)
·I always keep a torch in the car
·siempre tengo una linterna en el coche
·keep this by you in case of emergencies
·guárdate eso para un caso de emergencia
4. (=store, put)   (generally)   guardar   (in museum)   conservar
·where do you keep the sugar?
·¿dónde guardas el azúcar?
·keep it somewhere safe
·guárdalo en un sitio seguro
·you must keep it in a cold place
·debes conservarlo en un sitio fresco
5. (=house)
·the puppies were kept in cramped conditions
·tenían a los cachorros hacinados
·the tarantulas were kept in cages
·las tarántulas estaban metidas en jaulas
·the prisoners were kept in a dark room
·los prisioneros estaban encerrados en una habitaciónoun oscura
·he keeps his wives in separate houses
·tiene a sus mujeres alojadas en casas separadas
6. (=detain)   tener
·keep him in bed for a couple of days
·tenlo en cama un par de días
·to keep somebody in prison
·tener a somebody, someone preso
·he was kept in hospital over night
·lo tuvieron una noche en el hospital,   le hicieron pasar la noche en el hospital
·illness kept her at home
·la enfermedad no le permitió salir de casa
·to keep somebody doing something
·tener a somebody, someone haciendo algo
7. (=delay)   entretener
a. I mustn't keep [you] =   no quiero entretenerte
·don't let me keep you
·no le entretengo masculineánoun
·what kept you?
·¿por qué te has retrasado?
·am I keeping you [from] your work?
·quizá tienes trabajo y yo te estoy entreteniendo
8. (=have)
[+shop, hotel, house, servant]   tener
[+pigs, bees, chickens]   criar
·he keeps a good cellar
·tiene una buena bodega
9. (=stock)   tener
·we don't keep that model any more
·ya no tenemos ese modelo
10. (=support)
[+family, mistress]   mantener
·to keep o.noun.
·mantenerse
a. the extra money keeps me [in] beer and cigarettes =   el dinero extra me da para (comprar) cerveza y cigarrillos
·our garden keeps us in vegetables all summer
·el huerto nos da suficientes verduras para todo el verano
11. (=fulfil, observe)
[+promise, agreement, obligation]   cumplir
[+law, rule]   observar
[+appointment]   acudir a,   ir a
[+feast day]   observar
·to keep the [Sabbath]
·observar el nounábado judío
12. (=not divulge)
a. to keep something [from] somebody =   ocultar algo a somebody, someone
b. keep it [quiet] =   de esto no digas ni una palabra
c. keep it [to] yourself   *   no se lo digas a nadie
·but he kept the news to himself
·pero se guardó la noticia,   pero no comunicó la noticia a nadie
13. (=maintain)
13.1. [+accounts]   llevar
[+diary]   escribir
·to keep a record of something
·llevar nota de algo
13.2. WITH ADJECTIVE   mantener   (less formal)   tener
·keep Britain tidy
·mantenga limpia Gran Bretaña
a. to keep something [clean] =   conservar or mantener algo limpio   (less formal)   tener algo limpio
·she always keeps the house very clean
·tiene la casa siempre muy limpia
·to keep o.noun. clean
·no ensuciarse,   mantenerse limpio
·cats keep themselves clean
·los gatos son muy limpios
b. exercise keeps you [fit] =   haciendo ejercicio te mantienes en forma
c. keep the sauce [hot]   (in recipe book)   mantener la salsa caliente
·I'll keep your supper [hot]
·te guardaré la comida caliente
d. to keep inflation as [low] as possible =   mantener la inflaciónoun tan baja como sea posible
e. to keep something [safe] =   guardar algo bien,   guardar algo en un lugar seguro
f. try to keep your head [still] =   intenta no mover la cabeza
g. to keep something [warm] =   mantener algo caliente
h. the garden is [well] kept =   el jardínoun está muy bien cuidado
fixed  
happy  
post  
13.3. + -ING
·to keep the engine [running]
·dejar el motor en marcha
·to keep somebody [talking]
·entretener a somebody, someone hablando
·keep him talking while I ...
·entretenlo hablando mientras yo ...
·to keep somebody [waiting]
·hacer esperar a somebody, someone
·he kept them [working] all night
·los tuvo trabajando toda la noche
go  
14. (=hold)
a. to keep somebody [at] it =   obligar a somebody, someone a seguir trabajando
b. I'll keep you [to] your promise =   haré que cumplas tu promesa
15. (=prevent)
a. to keep somebody [from] doing something =   impedir que somebody, someone haga algo
·what can we do to keep it from happening again
·¿qué podemos hacer para evitar que se repita?
·to keep o.noun. from doing something
·contener las ganas de hacer algo,   aguantarse de hacer algo *
16.
(=guard, protect)   guardar
·God keep you!
·¡Dios te guarde!
17. ·to keep [o.noun. to o.noun.]
·guardar las distancias
B. -intransitive verb
1. (=remain)
1.1. WITH ADJECTIVE
a. try to keep [calm] =   intenta mantener la calma
b. to keep [fit] =   mantenerse en forma
c. it will keep [fresh] for weeks =   se conservará fresco durante semanas
d. to keep [healthy] =   mantenerse sano
e. keep very [quiet] =   no hagas nada de ruido
f. you must keep [still] =   tienes que estarte or quedarte muy quieto
g. to keep [together] =   no separarse
h. he was jumping up and down to keep [warm] =   estaba dando saltos para mantener el calor
1.2. WITH PREPOSITION/ADVERB
·keep in the left lane
·sigue por el carril de la izquierda
·she kept inside for three days
·no salió en tres días
2. ·to keep doing something
2.1. (=continue)   seguir haciendo algo
·he kept walking
·siguió caminando
·I keep hoping she'll come back
·sigo esperando que vuelva
·you must keep moving
·no pares
·keep smiling!
*   ¡no te desanimes!
·keep going!
·¡no pares!
2.2. (=do repeatedly)   no hacer masculineánoun que hacer algo
·he keeps mentioning his uncle
·no hace masculineánoun que mencionar a su tío
·I keep thinking I'll wake up in a minute
·no hago masculineánoun que pensar que es todo un sueño
·she keeps bursting into tears
·está todo el tiempo echándose a llorar
·he kept interrupting us
·no paraba de interrumpirnos
·I keep forgetting to pay the gas bill
·siempre se me olvida pagar la factura del gas
·you mustn't keep looking at your watch
·no debes estar todo el tiempo mirando al reloj
3. (in directions)
(=continue)   seguir
·to keep straight on
·seguir todo recto or derecho
·keep due north until you come to ...
·siga en direcciónoun norte hasta que llegue a ...
·keep left
·circule por la izquierda
4. (=not go off)
[food]   conservarse fresco,   conservarse bien
·fish doesn't keep very well
·el pescado no se conserva muy bien
·an apple that keeps
·una manzana que se conserva bien
5. *
(=wait)   esperar
·the news will keep till I see you
·la noticia puede esperar hasta que nos veamos
·it can keep
·puede esperar
6. *
(talking about health)
·how are you keeping?   ¿qué tal (estánoun)? Spain Spain,   ¿como or qué tal te va? *,   ¿cómo sigues? Latin America Latin America,   ¿qué hubo? Mexico, Chile Mexico, Chile
·he'noun not keeping very well
·no está muy bien de salud
·she'noun keeping better
·está mejor,   se encuentra mejor
7. (=avoid)
a. to keep [from] doing something =   evitar hacer algo
(=abstain from)   abstenerse de hacer algo
C. -noun
1. (=livelihood, food)
·I got £30 a week and my keep
·me daban 30 libras a la semana y comida y cama
·I pay £50 a week for my keep
·la pensiónoun me cuesta 50 libras a la semana
·to [earn] one'noun keep
·ganarse el sustento
(figurative)   justificar el gasto
·in a poem every word must earn its keep
·en un poema cada palabra debe estar justificada
2. (architecture)   torreónoun (m),   torre (f) del homenaje
3. (=permanently)
·for keeps
*   para siempre
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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