¿Sabías que...?: ¿Es necesario poner la diéresis (umlaut) sobre la u en cig?eña o ping?ino? Sí, porque señala que la u debe pronunciarse.
have / tener
 
have   [hæv]
has   3rd personal singular present
had   past tense, past participle
When have is part of a set combination, for example have a look, have a good time, have breakfast, had better, look up the other word. For have + adverb/preposition combinations, see also the phrasal verb section of this entry.
A. -transitive verb
1. (=possess)   tener
·he'noun got or he has blue eyes
·tiene los ojos azules
·have you got or do you have 10p?
·¿tienes diez peniques?
·have you got or do you have any brothers or sisters?
·¿tienes hermanos?
·she had her eyes closed
·tenía los ojos cerrados
·he hasn't got or he doesn't have any friends
·no tiene amigos
·I've got or I have a friend staying next week
·tengo a un amigo en casa la semana que viene
·I've got or I have an idea
·tengo una idea
Don't translate the [a] in sentences like [has he got a girlfriend?], [I haven't got a washing-machine] if the number of such items is not significant since people normally only have one at a time:
·has he got a girlfriend?
·¿tiene novia?
·I haven't got a washing-machine
·no tengo lavadora
Do translate the [a] if the person or thing is qualified:
·he has a Spanish girlfriend
·tiene una novia española
a. [all] or everything I have is yours =   todo lo que tengo es tuyo
·you must give it [all] or [everything] you have
·tienes que emplearte a fondo
·you must put [all] or [everything] you have into it
·tienes que emplearte a fondo
b. [can] I have a pencil please? =   ¿me puedes dar un lápiz, por favor?
c. the book has [no] name on it =   el libro no lleva or tiene el nombre del dueño
·I've got or I have no Spanish
·no nouné español
d. to have something [to] do =   tener algo que hacer
·I've got some letters to write
·tengo algunas cartas que escribir
·I've got or I have nothing to do
·no tengo nada que hacer
·haven't you got anything to do?
·¿no tienes nada que hacer?
e. hello, [what] have we here? =   vaya, vaya, ¿qué tenemos aquí?
handy  
ready  
2. (=eat, drink)   tomar
a. what are we having [for] lunch? =   ¿que vamos a comer?
·we had ice-cream for dessert
·tomamos helado de postre
b. to have something [to] eat/drink =   comer/beber algo,   tomar algo
c. what [will] you have? =   ¿qué quieres tomar?,   ¿qué vas a tomar?
·I'll have a coffee
·tomaré un café
·will you have some more?
·¿te sirvo masculineánoun?
3. (=receive)   recibir
·[thank] you for having me
·gracias por su hospitalidad
a. you [can] have my ticket =   puedes quedarte con mi billete
b. we had some [help] from the government =   recibimos ayuda del gobierno
c. I had a [letter] from John =   tuve carta de Juan,   recibí una carta de Juan
d. I [must] have them by this afternoon =   necesito tenerlos para esta tarde
e. to have no [news] =   no tener noticias
f. they had a lot of wedding [presents] =   recibieron or les hicieron muchos regalos de boda
g. we had a lot of [visitors]   (at home)   tuvimos muchas visitas   (at exhibition etcetera)   tuvimos muchos visitantes
4. (=obtain)
·they can be had for as little as £10 each
·pueden conseguirse por tan nounólo 10 libras
·it'noun not to be had anywhere
·no se consigue en ninguna parte
·there was no bread to be had
·no quedaba pan en ningúnoun sitio,   no podía conseguirse pan en ningúnoun sitio
5. (=take)
·I'll have a dozen eggs, please
·¿me pones una docena de huevos, por favor?
·which one will you have?
·¿cuál quiere?
·can I have your name please?
·¿me da su nombre, por favor?
a. you can have it or I'll let you have it [for] £10 =   te lo dejo en 10 libras,   te lo puedes llevar por 10 libras,   te lo vendo por 10 libras
6. (=give birth to)
[+baby, kittens]   tener
·what did she have?
·¿qué ha tenido?
·she had a boy
·ha tenido un niño
7. (=hold, catch)   tener
·I have him in my power
·lo tengo en mi poder
a. he had him [by] the throat =   lo tenía agarrado por la garganta
b. I have [it] on good authority that ... =   me consta que ...,   nouné a ciencia cierta que ...,   nouné de buena tinta que ... *
·I've got [it]!
·¡ya!
c. you have me [there]
d. [there] you have me =   ahí nouní que me has pillado *
8. (=allow)   consentir,   tolerar
a. we [can't] have that =   eso no se puede consentir
b. I [won't] have this nonsense =   no voy a consentir or tolerar estas tonterías
·I won't have it!
·no lo voy a consentir or tolerar
·she won't have it said that ...
·no consiente or tolera que digan que ...
·I won't have him risking his neck on that motorbike
·no voy a consentir que se juegue el cuello en esa moto
9. (=spend)   pasar
·to have a pleasant afternoon/evening
·pasar una tarde agradable
·have a nice day!
·¡que pases un buen día!
·I had a horrible day at school today
·he tenido un día horrible en el colegio
·what sort of day have you had?
·¿qué tal día has tenido?
10. (on telephone)
·can I have Personnel please?
·¿me puede poner con Personal, por favor?
11. *
(=have sex with)   acostarse con
12. (=make)
·I'll soon have it nice and shiny
·enseguida lo dejo bien brillante
·he had us confused
·nos tenía confundidos
13. (in set structures)
◊to have something done   hacer que se haga algo,   mandar hacer algo
·we had our luggage brought up
·mandamos subir el equipaje
·I've had the brakes checked
·he mandado revisar los frenos
·to have a suit made
·(mandar) hacerse un traje
·to have one'noun hair cut
·cortarse el pelo
·they had him killed
·lo mataron
◊to have somebody do something   mandar a somebody, someone hacer algo
·he had me do it again
·me hizo hacerlo otra vez,   me hizo que lo hiciese otra vez
·I had him clean the car
·le hice limpiar el coche
·what would you have me do?
  ¿qué quiere que haga?
·I'll have you know that ...
·quiero que sepas que ...
◊to have something happen
·she had her bag stolen
·le robaron el bolso
·he had his arm broken
·le rompieron el brazo
◊to have somebody doing something
·she soon had them all reading and writing
(=organized them)   enseguida los puso a leer y a escribir
(=taught them)   enseguida les habían enseñado a leer y a escribir
14. (in set expressions)
◊to have something against somebody/something   tener algo en contra de somebody, someone/algo
◊to have had it
·you've had [it] now! he knows all about it
*   ¡ahora nouní que te la has cargado! se ha enterado de todo
·this sofa has had it
*   este sofá ya no da para masculineánoun *
·I've had it up to here with his nonsense
*   estoy hasta la coronilla or hasta el moño de sus tonterías *
◊to have it that
·he will have [it] that he is right
·insiste en que tiene razónoun
·[rumour] has it that ...
·corre la voz de que ...
◊to be had
·you've [been] had!
*   ¡te han engañado!
◊to have to do with   tener que ver con
·that'noun got or that has nothing to do with it!
·¡eso no tiene nada que ver!
·you'd better not have anything to do with him
·masculineánoun te vale no tener tratos con él
◊to let somebody have something
(=give)   dar algo a somebody, someone
(=lend)   dejar algo a somebody, someone,   prestar algo a somebody, someone
·I'll let you have my reply tomorrow
·les daré mi respuesta mañana
·let me have your address
·dame tus señas
·let me have your pen for a moment
·déjame el boli un momento
·let him have it!
*   ¡dale!
◊what have you
·... and [what] have you
·... y qué nouné yo qué masculineánoun
◊would have it
·as ill-luck or fate would have it
·desgraciadamente
luck  
B. -auxiliary verb
1. haber
·I've already seen that film
·ya he visto esa película
·he'noun been very kind
·ha sido muy amable
·has he gone?
·¿se ha ido?
·hasn't he told you?
·¿no te lo ha dicho?
·she said she had spoken to them
·dijo que había hablado con ellos
·had you phoned me > or if you had phoned me I would have come round
formal usage   si me hubieras llamado habría venido
·never [having] seen it before, I ...
·como no lo había visto antes, ...
·having finished or when he had finished, he left
·cuando terminó or cuando hubo terminado, se fue
just  
SINCE
2. (verb substitute)
2.1. ·you've got more than I have
·tienes masculineánoun que yo
·they've done more than we have
·ellos han hecho masculineánoun que nosotros
·he hasn't worked as hard as you have
·él no ha trabajado tanto como
·"he'noun already eaten" -- "so have I"
·--él ya ha comido --yo tambiénoun
·"we haven't had any news yet" -- "neither have we"
·--no hemos tenido noticias todavía --nosotros tampoco
·"you've made a mistake" -- "no I haven't!"
·--has cometido un error --no es verdad or cierto
·"we haven't paid" -- "yes we have!"
·--no hemos pagado --¡qué nouní!
·"he'noun got a new job" -- "oh has he?"
·--tiene un trabajo nuevo --¿ah, nouní?
·"you've written it twice" -- "so I have!"
·--lo has escrito dos veces --es verdad or cierto
·"have you read the book?" -- "yes, I have"
·--¿has leído el libro? --nouní
·"has he told you?" -- "no, he hasn't"
·--¿te lo ha dicho? --no
2.2. (in question tags)
·he hasn't done it, has he?
·no lo ha hecho, ¿verdad?
·you've done it, haven't you?
·lo has hecho, ¿verdad? or ¿no?
3. (avoiding repetition of verb)
·you've all been there before, but I haven't
·vosotros habéis estado allí antes, pero yo no
·he has never met her, but I have
·él no la ha llegado a conocer, pero yo nouní
·have you ever been there? if you have ...
·¿has estado alguna vez allí? si es así ...
·have you tried it? if you haven't ...
·¿lo has probado? (porque) si no ...
so  
nor  
C. -modal verb
(=be obliged)
·to have (got) to do something
·tener que hacer algo
·I've got to or I have to finish this work
·tengo que terminar este trabajo
·have we got to or do we have to leave early?
·¿tenemos que salir temprano?
·I haven't got to or I don't have to wear glasses
·no necesito (usar) gafas
·I shall have to go and see her
·tendré que ir a verla
·it will just have to wait till tomorrow
·tendrá que esperar hasta mañana
·he had to pay all the money back
·tuvo que devolver todo el dinero
·she was having to get up at six each morning
·tenía que levantarse a las seis cada mañana
·this has to be a mistake
·esto tiene que ser un error
·do you have to make such a noise?
·¿tienes que hacer tanto ruido?
·you didn't have to tell her!
·¡no tenías por qué decírselo!
·it'noun nice not to have to work on Saturdays
·es un gusto no tener que trabajar los nounábados
·it has to be done this way
·tiene que hacerse de este modo
·does it have to be ironed?
·¿hay que plancharlo?
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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