¿Sabías que...?: El significado de México tiene algo que ver con el ombligo del ser humano y la luna. ¿Qué es?
fall / caída
 
fall   [fɔ:l]
fell   verb: past tense
fallen   past participle
A. -noun
1. (=tumble)   caída (f)
·he had a bad fall
·sufrió una mala caída
·the Fall
(religion)   la Caída
a. to be heading or riding for a fall   presumir demasiado
2. [of building, bridge etcetera]   derrumbamiento (m)
b. [of rocks]   desprendimiento (m)
c. [of earth]   corrimiento (m)
·a fall of snow
·una nevada
3. (=decrease)   disminuciónoun (f)   (in prices, temperature, demand)   descenso (m)   (in   de)   (finance)   baja (f)
4. (=downfall)   caída (f),   ocaso (m)
(=defeat)   derrota (f)
a. [of city]   rendiciónoun (f),   caída (f)   (from favour, power etcetera)   alejamiento (m)
5. (=slope)
a. [of ground]   declive (m),   desnivel (m)
6. falls
(=waterfall)   salto masculine singular de agua,   cascada feminine singular,   catarata feminine singular
·Niagara Falls
·las cataratas del Niágara
7. (United States)
(=autumn)   otoño (m)
B. -intransitive verb
1. (=fall down)
[person, object]   caerse
·to fall into the river
·caerse al río
a. to fall on one'noun [feet] =   caer de pie   (figurative)   salir bien parado
b. to fall to or on one'noun [knees] =   arrodillarse,   caer de rodillas
c. to fall on one'noun ass
(United States)   ***   hacer el ridi *
d. to fall flat
[joke]   no hacer gracia
[party]   fracasar
flat  
2. (=drop)
[leaves, bomb, rain, snow, night]   caer
[rocks]   desprenderse
a. he fell into [bed] exhausted =   se desplomó en la cama, exhausto
b. they left as [darkness] fell =   partieron al caer la noche
c. to [let] something fall =   dejar caer algo
·to let fall that ...
·soltar que ...
d. [night] was falling =   anochecía,   se hacía de noche
e. it all began to fall into [place]   (figurative)   todo empezó a encajar
f. to fall [short] of somebody'noun expectations =   defraudar las esperanzas de somebody, someone
·to fall short of perfection
·no llegar a la perfecciónoun
·the arrow fell short of the target
·la flecha no alcanzó la diana
g. to fall into [temptation] =   sucumbir a la tentaciónoun
h. to fall among [thieves]   (especially Bible)   ir a parar entre ladrones
3. [person]   (morally etcetera)   caer
a. to fall from [grace]   (religion)   perder la gracia   (figurative)   caer en desgracia
4. (=slope)
[ground]   descender,   caer en declive
5. (=hang)
[hair, drapery]   caer
6. (=decrease)   disminuir
[price, level, temperature etcetera]   bajar,   descender
[wind]   amainar
·at a time of falling interest rates
·en un período cuando bajan los tipos de interénoun
·he fell in my estimation
·perdió mucho a mis ojos
7. (=be defeated)
[government]   caer,   ser derrotado
[city]   rendirse,   ser tomado
8. literary
(=die)
[soldier]   caer,   morir
9. (=become)
a. to fall [asleep] =   quedarse dormido,   dormirse
b. to fall to [bits]
(British, Great Britain)   to fall to pieces
c. to fall [due] =   vencer
d. to fall [heir] to something =   heredar algo
e. to fall [ill] =   caer enfermo,   enfermarse
f. to fall in [love] (with something/somebody) =   enamorarse (de algo/somebody, someone)
g. to fall [open] =   abrirse
h. to fall to [pieces] =   hacerse pedazos
i. to fall [silent] =   callarse
C. -compound
·fall guy   *   -noun
(=easy victim)   víctima (f) (de un truco)
(=scapegoat)   cabeza (f) de turco
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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