¿Sabías que...?: Si Pakistán significa "Tierra de Pureza", ¿qué significa -istan en Afganistán o Tayikstán?
decir / to say
Para otras expresiones con el participio, ver dicho.
A. -verbo transitivo
1. (=afirmar)   to say
·ya sabe decir varias palabras
·she can already say several words,   she already knows several words
·--tengo prisa --dijo
·"I'masculine in a hurry," she said
·viene y dice: --estánoun despedido
*   he goes "you're fired" *
·olvídalo, no he dicho nada
·forget I said anything
·¿decía usted?
·you were saying?
a. [como] dicen los madrileños =   as they say in Madrid
·como decía mi abuela
·as my grandmother used to say
·como iba diciendo ...
·as I was saying ...
·¿cómo ha dicho usted?
·pardon?,   what did you say?
b. decir para o entre [nouní] =   to say to o.noun.
◊decir que   to say (that)
·mi amigo dice que eres muy guapa
·my friend says (that) you're very pretty
·dicen que ...
·they say (that) ...,   people say (that) ...
·el cartel dice claramente que ...
·the sign says clearly o clearly states that ...
·decir que nouní/no
·to say yes/no
·--¿viene? --dice que nouní
·"is she coming?" -- "she says she is o she says so"
·la miré y me dijo que nouní/no con la cabeza
·I looked at her and she nodded/shook her head
2. ◊decir algo a somebody, someone   to tell somebody something
·¿quiénoun te lo dijo?
·who told you?
·se lo dije bien claro, pero no me hizo caso
·I told her quite clearly, but she didn't take any notice of me
·tengo algo que decirte
·there'noun something I want to tell you,   I've got something to tell you
·hoy nos dicen las notas
·they're telling o giving us our results today
◊decir a somebody, someone que + INDIC   to tell somebody (that)
·me dijo que no vendría
·he told me (that) he wouldn't come
·ya te dije que no tiene ni idea
·I told you he hasn't got a clue
·¿no te digo que no puedo ir?
·I've already told you I can't go
◊decir a somebody, someone que + SUBJUN
(=ordenar)   to tell somebody to do something
(=pedir)   to ask somebody to do something
·la profesora me dijo que esperara fuera
·the teacher told me to wait outside
·le dije que fuera masculineánoun tarde
·I told her to go later
·dile que venga a cenar mañana con nosotros
·ask him to come and have supper with us tomorrow
·te digo que te calles
·I said shut up
3. (=contar)
[+mentiras, verdad, secreto]   to tell
·decir tonterías
·to talk nonsense
4. (=llamar)   to call
·¿cómo le dicen a esto en Perú?
·what do they call this in Peru?
·se llama Francisco, pero le dicen Paco
·his name is Francisco, but he'noun known as Paco
·le dicen "el torero"
·he'noun known as "el torero"
·en Mexicoéxico se le dice "recámara" al dormitorio
·in Mexico they say "recámara" instead of "dormitorio"
a. me dijo de [todo] =   he called me all the names under the sun
5. (=opinar)   to say
·podemos ir a Portugal, ¿tú qué dices?
·we could go to Portugal, what do you say?
·¿tu familia qué dice de la boda?
·what does your family say about the wedding?
6. (rectificando)
·había 8, digo 9
·there were 8, I mean 9
·dirá usted aquel otro
·you must mean that other one
·¡qué digo!
·what am I saying?
7. [texto]   to say
·no puedo leer lo que dice
·I can't read what it says
·no me dice nada este libro
·this book leaves me cold
a. como dice el [refránoun] ... =   as the saying goes...
8. [+misa]   to say
9. (locuciones en indicativo)
·digo ...
(Mexicoéx)   well,   er ...
·mis nounúbditos se presentaránoun ante masculineí ¡he dicho!
·my subjects shall appear before me: I have spoken!
a. y dice [bien] =   and he is quite right
b. [como quien] dice
(=de alguna manera)   so to speak
(=aproximadamente)   in a way,   more or less
·aunque no es el director es, como quien dice, el que manda en la empresa
·although he isn't the manager, he'noun the person in charge, so to speak, of the company
·está, como quien dice, aquí al lado
·it'noun just round the corner, as they say
·como quien no dice nada
·quite casually,   as though it wasn't important
c. [lo mismo] digo =   likewise
·--gracias por todo --lo mismo digo
·"thank you for everything" -- "likewise!" o "thanks to you too!"
d. pero dice [mal] =   but he is wrong
e. pues si esto te parece mucha gente, no te digo [nada] en verano =   if you think this is a lot of people, you should see it in summer
f. no lo digo [por] ti =   I'masculine not referring to you,   I'masculine not getting at you
g. nouní, [porque tú] lo digas =   yes, sir,   aye, aye, captain! iró
h. ¿[qué me] dices?   (sorpresa)   you don't say!,   well I never!   (incredulidad)   come off it!
i. [si tú] lo dices =   if you say so
j. eso digo [yo] =   that'noun (just) what I say
·deberías buscar trabajo, vamos, digo yo
·you ought to look for a job, that'noun what I say,   if you ask me, you ought to look for a job
·¡si te lo digo yo!
·of course it'noun true!
·¡lo digo yo y basta!
·you will do it because I say so!
k. ¡[y que] lo digas! =   you can say that again!
l. decir digo donde dijo Diego   to take back what one said earlier
m. no dijo ni pío
n. no dijo esta boca es masculineía   she never once opened her mouth
·dime con quien andas y te diré quien eres
·a man is known by the company he keeps
10. (locuciones en infinitivo)
a. [dar] que decir (a la gente) =   to make people talk,   set tongues wagging
b. [es] decir =   that is (to say)
·mi prima, es decir, la hija de Ana
·my cousin, that is (to say) Ana'noun daughter
c. [ir] a decir
·¡a masculineí me lo vas a decir!
·you're telling me!
d. es [mucho] decir =   that'noun saying something
e. [ni que] decir tiene que ... =   it goes without saying that ...
f. [no hay masculineánoun] que decir =   there'noun nothing more to say
g. para decirlo con otras [palabras] =   to put it another way,   in other words
h. decir [por] decir =   to talk for talking'noun sake
i. [por así] decirlo =   so to speak
j. [querer] decir =   to mean
·¿qué quiere decir "spatha"?
·what does "spatha" mean?
·¿qué quiere usted decir con eso?
·what do you mean by that?
·¿querránoun decir un millónoun, no un billónoun?
·do you mean a million rather than a billion?
k. [ya es] decir =   that'noun saying something
·les ha costado masculineánoun cara que mi casa, y eso ya es decir
·it cost them more than my house did, and that'noun saying something
11. (locuciones en subjuntivo, imperativo)
·no es que yo lo diga, pero ...
·it'noun not because I say so, but ...
·es, digamos, un comerciante
·he'noun a dealer, for want of a better word,   he'noun a sort of dealer
·¡haberlo dicho!
·¡me lo hubieras dicho!
·you could have told me o said!
a. digámoslo [así] =   so to speak,   for want of a better word
b. digan [lo que] digan =   whatever they say
c. y [no] digamos ... =   not to mention ...
·y su madre, no digamos
·not to mention his mother
d. no es muy guapa [que] digamos =   she'noun not what you'd call pretty,   she'noun not exactly pretty
·no estuvo muy corténoun, que digamos
·he wasn't what you'd call polite,   he wasn't exactly polite
e. ¡[no me] digas!   (sorpresa)   you don't say!,   well I never!   (incredulidad)   come off it!
f. ¿qué [quieres] que te diga? =   what can I say?
12. (locuciones en condicional)
·¿cómo (lo) diría yo?
·how shall I put it?
·¿cómo diríamos?
·how shall I put it?
·¡quiénoun lo diría!
·would you believe it!,   who would have thought it!
13. ◊el qué diránoun
·pero no quiso por el qué diránoun
·but she didn't want to because of what people might say
·se preocupa mucho por el qué diránoun
·she'noun always worried about what people will say o think
B. -verbo intransitivo
1. (invitando a hablar)
·--¿te puedo pedir un favor? --dime
·"can I ask you a favour?" -- "go ahead"
(al teléfono)   hello?
·usted dirá
(invitando a hablar)   go ahead   (sirviendo bebida)   say when   (en tienda)   can I help you?
·--¿te gustaría cambiar de coche? --¡hombre, ya me diránoun!
·"would you like a new car?" -- "you bet I would!"
2. (=indicar)
·su nombre no me dice nada
·her name doesn't mean anything to me
·su mirada lo dice todo
·her expression says it all o speaks volumes
a. eso dice mucho [de] su personalidad =   that says a lot about her personality
·una situaciónoun que tan mal dice de nuestro gobierno
·a situation which shows our government in such a bad light
-verbo pronominal
1. (uso reflexivo)
·yo nouné lo que me digo
·I know what I'masculine talking about o saying
·me dije que no volvería a hacerlo
·I promised myself o told myself I wouldn't do it again
·él se lo dice todo
·he seems to have all the answers
·al verlo me dije: --han pasado muchos años
·when I saw him, I said o thought to myself "it'noun been a long time"
2. (uso impersonal)
·se dice
·it is said,   they o people say
·no se diría eso ahora
·you'd never say such a thing nowadays
·¿cómo se dice "cursi" en inglénoun?
·what'noun the English for "cursi"?,   how do you say "cursi" in English?
·se les ha dicho que ...
·they have been told that ...
·y no se diga ...
·not to mention ...
·no se diga que ...
·never let it be said that ...
·se diría que no está
·she doesn't seem to be here
a. alto, [lo que] se dice alto, no es =   he'noun not what you'd call tall,   he'noun not exactly tall
·hablar portuguénoun, lo que se dice hablar, no nouné
·I can't really speak Portuguese properly
·esto es lo que se dice un queso
·now this is what I call a cheese
b. eso se dice muy pronto   that'noun easier said than done
3. (=llamarse)   to be called
·esta plaza se dice de la Revoluciónoun
·this is called Revolution Square
D. -sustantivo masculino
1. (=dicho)   saying
a. es [un] decir   it'noun a manner of speaking
·pongamos, es un decir, que Picasso naciera en Madrid ...
·let'noun suppose, just for the sake of argument, that Picasso had been born in Madrid...
2. [a] decir de =   according to
·a decir de la gente mayor
·according to the older generation
·a decir de todos
·by all accounts
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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