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advance / avance
 
advance   [ədˈvɑ:ns]
A. -noun
1. (=forward movement)   avance (m)
·the rapid advance of the Russian army
·el rápido avance de las tropas rusas
2. (=progress)   (in science, technology)   avance (m),   adelanto (m)
a. [of disease]   avance (m)
·an important scientific advance
·un importante avance or adelanto científico
·the rapid advance of modern industrial society
·el vertiginoso desarrollo de la sociedad industrial moderna
·with the advance of old age
·segúnoun se va/iba envejeciendo
3. [of money]
3.1. (=initial payment)   anticipo (m),   adelanto (m)
·she was paid a £530,000 advance for her next novel
·le dieron un anticipo or adelanto de 530.000 libras por su próxima novela
3.2. (on salary)
·could you give me an advance?
·¿me podría dar un anticipo?
a. she got an advance [on] her salary =   consiguió que le anticiparan parte del sueldo
3.3. (=loan)   préstamo (m)
4. (=rise)   (in prices)   alza (f),   aumento (m)
a. [any] advance on £15?   (in auction)   ¿alguien ofrece masculineánoun de 15 libras?,   15 libras ¿alguien da masculineánoun?
5. advances   (amorous)   insinuaciones feminine plural   (politics)   intentos masculine plural de acercamiento
a. to [make] advances to or toward(noun) somebody   (amorous)   insinuarse a somebody, someone,   hacer insinuaciones a somebody, someone
·she accused him of making unwanted sexual advances
·lo acusó de insinuaciones sexuales indebidas
b. she [rejected] his advances =   no hizo caso de sus insinuaciones
6. ·in advance: to let somebody know a week in advance
·avisar a somebody, someone con ocho días de antelaciónoun
a. to [book] in advance =   reservar con antelaciónoun
b. the dish may be [made] in advance =   el plato puede prepararse con anterioridad
c. in advance [of]
·to arrive in advance of somebody
·llegar antes que somebody, someone
·to be in advance of one'noun time
·adelantarse a su época,   estar por delante de su época
d. to [pay] in advance =   pagar por adelantado
e. to [send] somebody [on] in advance =   mandar a somebody, someone por delante
f. [thanking] you in advance =   agradeciéndole de antemano
B. -transitive verb
1. (=move forward)
[+time, date, clock]   adelantar   (military)
[+troops]   avanzar
·it advances the ageing process
·acelera el envejecimiento
2. (=further)
[+plan, knowledge]   potenciar
[+interests]   promover,   fomentar
[+career]   promocionar
[+cause, claim]   promover
[+person]   (in career)   ascender   (to   a)
·he has done much to advance our understanding of music
·ha contribuido mucho a potenciar nuestros conocimientos musicales
3. (=put forward)
[+idea, opinion, theory]   proponer,   sugerir
[+suggestion]   hacer
[+proposal]   presentar
[+opinion]   expresar
·he advanced the theory that ...
·propuso or sugirió la teoría de que ...
4. (=hand over)
[+money]   (as initial fee)   adelantar,   anticipar   (as early wages)   adelantar   (as loan)   prestar
C. -intransitive verb
1. (=move forward)   avanzar
·the advancing enemy army
·el ejército enemigo que avanza
a. she advanced [across] the room =   avanzó hacia el otro lado de la habitaciónoun
b. to advance [on] something/somebody   (generally)   acercarse a algo/somebody, someone,   avanzar hacia algo/somebody, someone
·to advance [on] something
(military)   avanzar sobre algo
2. (=progress)
[science, technology]   progresar,   adelantarse
[work, society]   avanzar
[career]   progresar
[person, pupil]   hacer progresos,   progresar   (in rank)   ascender   (to   a)
a. her film career was advancing [nicely] =   su carrera cinematográfica progresaba bien or iba por muy buen camino
b. despite his advancing [years] he was a good player =   a pesar de su edad (avanzada) era un buen jugador
·with advancing years one forgets
·con el paso de los años uno se olvida
3. (finance)
(=rise)
[price]   subir
D. -compound
·advance booking   -noun   reserva (f) anticipada,   reserva (f) por anticipado
·advance booking advisable
·se recomienda que reserven por adelantado
·advance booking [office]   -noun
(British, Great Britain)   taquilla (f) (de reservas or venta anticipada)
·advance copy   -noun
a. [of book]   ejemplar (m) de muestra
b. [of speech]   copia (f) (del discurso)
·advance guard   -noun
(=reconnaissance group)   avanzada (f)
(=lookouts)   avanzadilla (f)
(=mobile unit)   brigada (f) masculineóvil
·advance man   -noun
(United States)   (politics)   responsable de una campaña política
·advance notice   -noun   aviso (m) previo
·meals can be provided with advance notice
·con aviso previo, se preparan comidas
·advance party   -noun
(=reconnaissance group)   avanzada (f)
(=lookouts)   avanzadilla (f)
·advance payment   -noun   anticipo (m)
·advance publicity   -noun   promociónoun (f) (antes del estreno, lanzamiento, etcetera)
·advance warning   -noun   aviso (m) previo
 
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged and Audio Headword Pronunciation (Spanish) 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1971,1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992,1993,1996,1997,2000,2003,2005.
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